The Difference Between R-22 And R-410A - What You Need To Know

R-22 was the reigning coolant in air conditioning units made in the United States, Europe and Japan for over 40 years. Chances are good that if you have an older air conditioner, it runs on R-22 refrigerant. But if you’re in the market for a new air conditioner, you’ve probably heard the phrase R-410A much more than R-22. So, what is R-410A and what does it mean for your new HVAC system?

R-22 is being phased out and replaced with a new, more eco-friendly refrigerant called R-410A. R-410A was created in 1991. Although it isn’t against the law to have an air conditioner that runs on R-22, the coolant has been found to significantly contribute to pollution poisoning the ozone layer. For that reason, the government mandated that all air conditioner models made after 2010 run on R-410A. You can still purchase R-22 if you aren’t looking to replace an old air conditioner for some time, but there are many benefits to upgrading your old HVAC system.

R-22 can still be purchased in the United States, but because the supply has depleted greatly, the demand (and the cost) has risen. Wherein you used to be able to purchase R-22 for around $2, you now can buy it for around $15. R-22 will continue to be manufactured until 2020 and recycled R-22 can still be used to cool your current system. The change to R-401A isn’t necessarily a mandate to update your air conditioning unit, but if you’re looking for a more eco-friendly model, investing will lower the cost of your refrigerant significantly. The price of R-22 will likely continue to rise as R-410A becomes the norm and old air conditioners are phased out. So, what are the benefits of a new air conditioning unit with R-410A?

R-410A is greener, cheaper and more readily available. Not only that, but R-410A runs in air conditioners that are more eco-friendly, meaning they run more efficiently. If you live in an area where you regularly need to use your air conditioner and you’re still using a model that runs on R-22, you’ll be doing the environment a big favor by upgrading. R-410A contains only fluoride, where other coolants (like R-22) contain chlorine or bromine as well.

If you aren’t interested in upgrading your entire air conditioner, but you’d like to stop using R-22 in favor of R-410A, you can talk to a maintenance professional about tweaking your HVAC unit. You’ll need to replace certain parts in the air conditioner to accept the new refrigerant, but overall the process will be much less expensive than a full-blown air conditioner replacement. Keep in mind that if your old air conditioner is upgraded to run R-410A, it still may be an energy inefficient model that is costing you more money to run. Before you decide a AC repair in Las Vegas is the best thing to do, consider the points above. Many times, upgrading to a new air conditioner can pay for itself in the course of a few years. Speak to a professional about upgrading your unit, and consider your usage to determine which option makes the most sense for you.


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